Introduction to C++ Programming Language for Beginners

Complete Details of C++ Programming Language for Beginners

The C++ programming language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup as an enhanced version of the C language. Even though Python is an object-oriented programming language that is often used, C++ is still in demand by many developers. 

This happens because the C++ programming language can be a solution for developing high-performance applications.

Of the many programming languages ​​that exist today, the C++ programming language is one of the languages ​​that are in demand by many developers. This programming language is object-oriented, has many libraries, and is easy to use.

If you are interested in learning C++, here we provide an explanation for you.

C++ Programming Language tutorial for Beginners
C++ Programming Language tutorial

Understanding C++ Programming Language

The C++ language is a cross-platform language that you can use to create high-performance applications. C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Labs around 1980, as an extension of the C language. 

Although it is one of the oldest programming languages, C++ performs well. This programming language can also run on various platforms such as Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac, and others.

C++ can be used to develop operating systems, browsers, games, GUI-based applications, database software, and others. Some examples of programs written using C++ are Mozilla Firefox, Bloomberg, MySQL, etc.

Advantages of C++ Programming Language

There are several superior features and points of this C++ programming language, namely:

1. Simple
C++ is a simple programming language. This language you can break down into sections and logical units.

2. Has many libraries
C ++ has a complete library for fast application development.

3. Object Oriented Programming (OOP) 
There are several advantages that you can get from OOP languages ​​such as code can be reused, easy to maintain, and easy to modify. This technology can result in greater programmer productivity, better software quality, and lower maintenance costs.

4. Structured
Structured programming languages ​​allow developers to create program code by dividing the entire program into smaller units or modules. 

Difference between C and C++ Programming Language

As previously explained C++ is an enhanced version of the C language. Here are some differences between the two:

  • C++ supports polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance while the C programming language does not.
  • C++ is Object Oriented Programming (OOP), while C is functional programming.
  • The C++ programming language focuses on data, while C focuses on methods or procedures.

5 IDEs for C++ Development

IDE or Integrated Development Environment is software used to develop games, software, or hardware that offers integration from debugging to compilation.

1. Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code is an open-source IDE developed by Microsoft. This IDE is available for various platforms such as Windows, Linux, and macOS. 

Advantage:
  • Support for debugging
  • Syntax highlighting
  • Check EmbeddedGit
  • Very portable
  • Easy customization

2. Eclipse

Eclipse is a simple and powerful IDE for C++ development. The Eclipses IDE is also open source and available for Windows, macOS, and Linux.

Advantage:
  • Support for Cross-platform
  • Git Integration
  • Good User Interface with drag and drop functionality
  • Auto correction
  • Refactoring

3. Sublime Text

Sublime Text is a code editor that you can use for a variety of programming languages ​​including C++. With Sublime Text, developers can add a variety of additional functions with the available plugins.

Advantage:
  • Powerful API
  • Syntax highlighting
  • Allows for multiple selections
  • Auto-completion

1. Example of a Simple C++ Program "Hello World"

Code
#include 

using namespace std;

int main() {

  cout << "Hello World!";

  return 0;

}

Output

result
Hello World!

2. Example C++ program for user input

Code
#include 

using namespace std;

int main()

{    
    int number;

    cout << "Enter an integer: ";

    cin >> number;

    cout << "You entered " << number;    

    return 0;

} 

Output

output
Enter an integer: 23
      
You entered 23

3. Example C++ program to add two numbers

Code
#include 

using namespace std;
int main()
{

    int firstNumber, secondNumber, sumOfTwoNumbers;

    cout << "Enter two integers: ";

    cin >> firstNumber >> secondNumber;

    // sum of two numbers in stored in variable sumOfTwoNumbers

    sumOfTwoNumbers = firstNumber + secondNumber;

    // Prints sum 

    cout << firstNumber << " + " <<  secondNumber << " = " << sumOfTwoNumbers;     

    return 0;

}

Output

output
Enter two integers: 4
5
4 + 5 = 9

Read Also: Domain Name System: An Explanation of DNS Functions and How It Works

Conclusion

C++ programming language can be one of the languages you are good at. C++ is known as a powerful language. By understanding and continuing to hone skills for C++ development, you can produce various digital products, be it games, desktop applications, or others.

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